In 1974 and 1976, contracts were signed to limit the scope of nuclear testing. Neither side has ratified the treaties because U.S. officials do not agree with the Soviet position that the performance of weapons testing can be accurately calculated with remote instruments. Instead, the U.S. side insisted on field verification methods, drilling instruments into a hole dug parallel to the well where nuclear weapons exploded. Although the available evidence is unclear in light of the ambiguities surrounding the Soviet test model and the uncertainties of the verification, and although we have not been able to reach a definitive conclusion, this evidence indicates that soviet nuclear tests are a likely violation of the legal obligations under the TTBT for a series of tests. The contract review protocol includes the use of national technical means for verification and data exchange. The Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Tests (TTBT) is a bilateral agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union (now Russia). The treaty, signed in 1974, prohibits underground nuclear tests of more than 150 kilotons, about ten times more than the counter-bomb against Hiroshima. 1985 — December 5: – COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN In a letter to President Reagan, Secretary General Gorbachev proposes the resumption of negotiations for a BTC.
On December 19, the White House declared: « A total ban on testing… is a long-term U.S. goal of comprehensive, deep and verifiable arms reduction, significantly improved verification capability, enhanced confidence-building measures, a better balance between conventional forces, and at a time when nuclear deterrence is no longer as important as it is now for international security and stability. 1957 — August 21: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces that, as part of a disarmament agreement, the United States would be prepared to suspend nuclear weapons testing under certain conditions and security measures for up to two years. These include the Soviet acceptance of the US request for a permanent halt to the production of fissile material for weapons and the installation of inspection systems to ensure compliance. It was the first time Soviet scientists had participated in a nuclear device detonation experiment at the U.S. test site in the Nevada desert. The time has come for creative minds and technical experts to design common audit experiences. Warhead monitoring and warhead dismantling face very difficult problems.
The long slogan for a fissile material delimitation treaty begins with national moratoriums on the production of fissile material for weapons that other countries can trust. Multilateral review experiments could improve the comfort level of States that have so far not engaged in nuclear weapons agreements. Russia and the United States could also consider joint audit experiments to build confidence in the lack of extremely low performance testing at test sites. In April, the Soviets proposed a joint experiment to demonstrate their approach to detecting nuclear SLCMs on ships equipped with a remote sensor.