The Convention put an end to the long feud over Persia. Britain has promised to stay outside northern Britain, and Russia has recognized southern Saxony as part of the British sphere of influence. Russia has also promised to stay out of Tibet and Afghanistan. In exchange, London provided loans and some political support.   The Convention highlighted fragile British-Russian relations by consolidating borders that identified the respective controls in Persia Afghanistan and Tibet. It sketched spheres of influence in Persia, established that neither country would interfere in Tibet`s internal affairs, and recognized Britain`s influence over Afghanistan.   The agreement led to the creation of the Triple Agreement.  To facilitate the situation in Persia, Britain and Russia discussed dividing them into three zones. The agreement they wanted would attribute the North, including Isfahan, to Russia; in the south-east, particularly Kerman, Sistan and Balochistan to Great Britain; and delineate the rest of the country between the two powers as a « neutral zone. » The division of Persia strengthened the control of the great power over these respective territorial and economic interests in the country and allowed an invented intrusion into the Persian political system. With foreign influence, the revolution was overtaken by a combination of European and monarchist activities. As a result, the Persians learned that the two neighbors were dangerous by putting aside their rivalries.
 In 1907, Britain and Russia signed an agreement regulating their economic and political interests. Early British attempts to persuade the Russians to sign an agreement on Persia and Afghanistan, the two most sensitive areas of rivalry, failed. When they felt that time was on their side, the Russians had no intention of enseeing any part of Persia or Afghanistan; but military defeat and revolution forced the Russian government to reassess the objectives and methods of its foreign policy. The initiative for the negotiations belonged to the new British ambassador to St. Petersburg, Sir Arthur Nicolson, who, together with Sir Edward Grey and Sir Charles Hardinge, permanent undersecretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, formed the core of the anti-German group seeking a Russian alliance. Nicolson`s proposals have been widely discussed by the Russian cabinet. In light of recent events, Foreign Minister Izvol `skia argued against the old conviction that Persia must be completely under Russian influence and in favor of the elimination of the causes of conflict with England, the most appropriate means for which the delimitation of spheres of influence was (« Toward the History of the 1907 Anglo-Russian Agreement » Krasnya Arkhiv 2-3 [69-70], 1935, p. 19, in Russian). For Britain and Russia, this agreement was important for the creation of a diplomatic orientation that lasted until the First World War. However, the Iranian government was not consulted on the agreement, but was subsequently informed. Although it was unable to prevent Britain and Russia from implementing the agreement, the Iranian government refused to recognize the legitimacy of the agreement because it threatened the country`s integrity and independence.
On the issue of trade, Afghan customs are rather primitive and we know that the main obstacle to trade is that Afghan cities impose granting duties, which they make extensive use of, and these rights are unlikely to disappear at this time.